Saponification


Saponification

Saponification (v. lat.), 1) Verseifung, der Proceß, durch welchen aus Fetten u. fetten Ölen durch Einwirkung ätzender Alkalien Seife gebildet wird; 2) Verwandlung in eine seifenartige Masse, wie z.B. Leichen saponisicirt werden, welche in weichen, feuchten Thonkalk liegen, wodurch der Zutritt der atmosphärischen Luft abgehalten wird.


Pierer's Lexicon. 1857–1865.

Schlagen Sie auch in anderen Wörterbüchern nach:

  • Saponification — of a triglyceride with sodium hydroxide. Saponification is a process that produces soap, usually from fats and lye. In technical terms, saponification involves base (usually caustic soda NaOH) hydrolysis of triglycerides, which are esters of… …   Wikipedia

  • saponification — [ sapɔnifikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1792; du lat. sapo, saponis « savon » ♦ Techn. Production de savon et simultanément de glycérine, par action d une base caustique (généralement la soude) sur un corps gras. ♢ (1803) Chim. Réaction suivant laquelle les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saponification — Sa*pon i*fi*ca tion, n. [Cf. F. saponification. See {Saponify}.] The act, process, or result, of soap making; conversion into soap; specifically (Chem.), the decomposition of fats and other ethereal salts by alkalies; as, the saponification of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • saponification — 1821, from Fr. saponification, from saponifier, from Mod.L. saponificare, from sapon “soap” (see SOAP (Cf. soap)) + ficare, from L. facere to make, do (see FACTITIOUS (Cf. factitious)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • saponification — [sə pän΄ə fi kā′shən] n. 〚Fr < saponifier: see SAPONIFY〛 the conversion of an ester heated with an alkali into the corresponding alcohol and acid salt; specif., this process carried out with fats (glyceryl esters) to produce soap * * *… …   Universalium

  • saponification —  Saponification  Омыление, (сапонификация)   Гидролиз сложного эфира с образованием спирта и кислоты (или ее соли). Происхождение термина Омыление связано с методом производства мыла из жиров …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • saponification — [sə pän΄ə fi kā′shən] n. [Fr < saponifier: see SAPONIFY] the conversion of an ester heated with an alkali into the corresponding alcohol and acid salt; specif., this process carried out with fats (glyceryl esters) to produce soap …   English World dictionary

  • Saponification — La saponification est, dans le cadre général, une réaction chimique transformant un ester en un ion carboxylate et un alcool. Il s agit en fait de l hydrolyse en milieu basique d un ester. Cette réaction permet la synthèse du savon. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • saponification — Hydrolysis Hy*drol y*sis, n. [Hydro , 1 + lysis.] (Chem.) A chemical process causing the splitting of a chemical bond by the addition of the elements of water. Where the bond which is split is not part of a ring structure, this process causes… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SAPONIFICATION — n. f. T. didactique Opération par laquelle une substance grasse se convertit en savon. La saponification des huiles, des suifs …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.